SKIP navigation
Health Services
  • beamav.com
  • beamav.com
  • beamav.com
  • beamav.com

Drug Free Schools and Campuses

The Drug Free Schools and Campuses Act requires UNO to provide faculty, staff and enrolled students with various pieces of information regarding the unlawful use of drugs or alcohol on University property or at any University-sponsored event. The following information describes legal sanctions, health risks, available assistance and treatment avenues, as well as University imposed disciplinary standards.

Should you have any questions about this policy, please contact UNO Health Services, Student Affairs or Human Resources.

STANDARDS OF CONDUCT FOR EMPLOYEES AND STUDENTS REGARDING ALCOHOL AND DRUGS

Up to Top  The illegal possession, use, or distribution of drugs or alcohol by students and employees is a violation of University rules as well as State and Federal laws. The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska has directed officers of the University to cooperate with State and Federal agencies in the prevention of drug abuse. See Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska, Minutes, Vol. 29, pp. 90–91 (September 12, 1967). In satisfaction of this mandate and in order to fulfill its obligations under the Drug Free Workplace Act of 1988, 41 U.S.C. § 701 and 20 U.S.C. § 1011i, the University has formulated standards of conduct for both its employees and its students which prohibit the following acts:
 (1) use, possession, manufacture, distribution, or sale of illegal drugs or drug paraphernalia on University premises or while on University business or at University activities, or in University supplied vehicles either during or after working hours;
 (2) unauthorized use or possession or manufacture, distribution, or sale of a controlled substance as defined by the Federal Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 801 et seq., or Nebraska’s Uniform Controlled Substances Act, Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-401 et seq. (Reissue 2008, 2010 Cum Supp. and Supp. 2011), on University premises, or while engaged in University business or attending University activities or in University supplied vehicles, either during or after working hours;
 (3) unauthorized use, manufacture, distribution, possession, or sale of alcohol on University premises or while on University business, at University activities, or in University-supplied vehicles, either during or after working hours;
 (4) storing in a locker, desk, vehicle, or other place on University owned or occupied premises any unauthorized controlled substances, drug paraphernalia, or alcohol;
 (5) use of alcohol off University premises that adversely affects an employee's or student's work or academic performance, or an employee's or student's safety or the safety of others;
 (6) possession, use, manufacture, distribution, or sale of illegal drugs off University premises that adversely affects the employee's work performance or the student's academic performance, or an employee's or student's safety or the safety of others;
 (7) violation of State or Federal laws relating to the unauthorized use, possession, manufacture, distribution, or sale of alcohol, controlled substances, or drug paraphernalia;
 (8) in the case of employees, failure to notify an employee's supervisor of an employee's arrest or conviction under any criminal drug statute as a 2 result of a violation of law which occurs at the University of Nebraska workplace.

[The Standards of Conduct were approved by the Regents in 1990. See Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska, Minutes, Vol. 55, p. 205 (October 12, 1990).]

DESCRIPTION OF APPLICABLE LEGAL SANCTIONS UNDER FEDERAL, STATE OR LOCAL LAW FOR UNLAWFUL POSSESSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL

Up to Top  The information on the following pages summarizes selected provisions of Federal, State, and local laws that provide criminal and civil penalties for unlawful possession or distribution of drugs and alcohol.

FEDERAL PENALTIES AND SANCTIONS FOR ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

Up to Top 21 U.S.C. § 844(a)
 First Conviction: Up to 1 year imprisonment and fine of at least $1,000 or both. After 1 prior drug conviction: At least 15 days in prison, not to exceed 2 years and a fine of at least $2,500. After 2 or more prior drug convictions: at least 90 days in prison, not to exceed 3 years and a fine of at least $5,000.
Special sentencing provisions for possession of crack cocaine: Mandatory minimum 5 years in prison, maximum 20 years and a minimum fine of $1,000, if it is:
  • First conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams.
  • Second crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 3 grams.
  • Third or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 1 gram

21 U.S.C. §§ 853(a) and 881 (a)
 Forfeiture of tangible and intangible personal and real property used to possess or to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable by more than 1 year imprisonment. (See special sentencing provisions re: crack). Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft, or any other conveyance used to transport or in any manner to facilitate the sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of controlled substances.

21 U.S.C. § 844a
 Civil fine of up to $10,000 for each violation of 21 U.S.C. § 844 involving controlled substances listed in 21 U.S.C. § 841(b)(1)(A).

21 U.S.C. § 862
 Denial of Federal benefits, such as food stamps, student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses for up to 1 year for first conviction; 5 years for second or subsequent conviction; convicted drug traffickers are subject to even longer periods of ineligibility.

18 U.S.C. § 922(g)
 Ineligible to receive or possess a firearm or ammunition. Miscellaneous Authority to revoke certain Federal licenses and benefits, e.g. pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., is vested with the officials of individual Federal agencies.

Note: These are only Federal penalties and sanctions. Additional State penalties and sanctions may apply.

Chart 1 summarizes trafficking penalties under Federal law for various types of drugs. This information is published by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration and is available online at http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/agency/penalties.htm (last visited Nov. 15, 2011).

STATE PENALTIES AND SANCTIONS FOR ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

Up to Top  The framework for the regulation of most drugs, also called controlled substances, is set out in the Uniform Controlled Substances Act. In addition, other Nebraska State laws establish penalties for various drug-related offenses as summarized below. Chart 2 and Chart 3 summarize the sanctions under Nebraska law for possession or distribution of various drugs.

CRIMES INVOLVING MINORS:


 Any person 18 years of age or older who manufactures, distributes, delivers, or dispenses controlled substances to a person (i) under the age of 18 years; (ii) within 1,000 feet of a school, college, university, or playground; or (iii) within 100 feet of a youth center, public swimming pool, or video arcade shall be punished more severely. The law also provides for an enhanced penalty for anyone 18 years of age or older to knowingly employ, use, cause, persuade, or coerce any person under the age of 18 years to manufacture, transport, distribute, carry, deliver, dispense, or possess with intent to do the same of a controlled substance or a counterfeit controlled substance. See Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-416(4) and (5) (Supp. 2011).

TAX PROVISIONS:


 Anyone who possesses or sells the following amounts of controlled substances or imitation controlled substances must pay the appropriate taxes to the Nebraska Department of Revenue and have the stamps attached to the controlled substances:

 Illegal marijuana is taxed at $100 for each ounce or portion of an ounce.

 Any controlled substance that is sold by weight or volume (i.e., cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, etc.) is taxed at $150 for each gram or portion of a gram.

 Any controlled substance that is not sold by weight (i.e., LSD, Quaaludes, methamphetamine in tablets, PCP, etc.) is taxed at $500 for each 50 dosage units or portion thereof.

 Failure to have the proper tax stamps attached to the controlled substance carries a criminal penalty of up to 5-year imprisonment or a $10,000 fine or both. A penalty equal to 100% of the unpaid tax will also be assessed and both the tax and the penalty may become a lien upon the property owned by the person against whom the tax is assessed. Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 77-4301 to 77-4316 (Reissue 2009 and Cum Supp. 2010).

PROPERTY FORFEITURE:


 Property used to manufacture, sell, or deliver controlled substances can be seized and forfeited to the State. Property subject to forfeiture may include cash, cars, boats, and airplanes, as well as drug paraphernalia, books, records, and research, including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-431 (Reissue 2008).

BEING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ANY CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE FOR UNAUTHORIZED PURPOSE:


 It is a violation of Nebraska law to be under the influence of any controlled substance for a purpose other than the treatment of a sickness or injury as prescribed or administered by a practitioner. In a prosecution, the State need not prove that the accused was under the influence of a specific controlled substance, only that the accused manifested symptoms or reactions 5 caused by the use of any controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-417(1)(g) (Reissue 2008).

DRUG PARAPHERNALIA OFFENSES:


 It is a violation of Nebraska law to use, or to possess with intent to use, drug paraphernalia to manufacture, inject, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human body a controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28- 441(1) (Reissue 2008).

 "Drug paraphernalia" is defined to include such things as hypodermic syringes, needles, pipes, bongs, roach clips, and other items used, intended for use, or designed for use with controlled substances. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-439 (Reissue 2008).

 It is unlawful to deliver or manufacture drug paraphernalia under circumstances in which one should reasonably know that it will be used to manufacture, inject, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human body a controlled substance. This section does not apply to pharmacists who sell hypodermic syringes or needles for the prevention of the spread of infectious diseases. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 (Reissue 2008). It is a violation of Nebraska law for a person 18 years of age or older to deliver drug paraphernalia to a person under the age of 18 who is at least 3 years his or her junior. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-443 (Reissue 2008).

 A violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-441 is punishable on the first offense by a fine of up to a maximum of $100; a second offense within two years of the first is punishable by a fine not less than $100 and not more than $300; a third offense within two years of the second is punishable by a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $500. Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-441 and 29-436 (Reissue 2008). The penalty for violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 is not more than 6-month imprisonment or a $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 (Reissue 2008) and § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011). The penalty for violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-443 is imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-443 (Reissue 2008) and § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011).

IMITATION CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES:


 It is a violation of Nebraska law to knowingly or intentionally manufacture, distribute, deliver, or possess with intent to distribute or deliver an imitation controlled substance. "Imitation controlled substance" is a substance that is not a controlled substance but which is represented to be an illicit controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-445 (Reissue 2008). First 6 offense violations of this law are punishable by 3-month imprisonment or a $500 fine or both. A second offense violation of this statute is punishable by not more than 6-month imprisonment or a $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-445 (Reissue 2008) and § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011).

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUES:


 For purposes of Nebraska's Uniform Controlled Substance Act, analogue controlled substances (often called "designer drugs") are treated as controlled substances. Such an analogue is defined as (a) substantially similar in chemical structure to the chemical structure of a controlled substance or (b) having a stimulant, depressant, analgesic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the effect of a controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401(30) (a) (Cum. Supp. 2010).

SELECTED NEBRASKA ALCOHOL OFFENSES

Up to Top

MINOR IN POSSESSION:

 It is against the law for a person under the age of 21 years to sell, dispense, consume, or possess alcohol. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.02 (Cum. Supp. 2010). Violation of this law is punishable by 3-month imprisonment or a $500 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05(4)(Supp. 2011) and § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011).

PROCURING ALCOHOL:


 It is a violation of Nebraska law to sell, give away, dispose of, exchange, deliver, or permit the sale, gift, or procuring of any alcoholic liquors to or for any minor or to any person who is mentally incompetent. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53- 180 (Supp. 2011). Violation of this law is punishable by not more than 1-year imprisonment or a $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05(1) (Supp. 2011) and § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011). If alcohol is provided to a minor and his or her consumption of it or impaired condition attributed to the alcohol leads to the serious bodily injury or death of any person, the provider faces an enhanced penalty. See Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05(2) (Supp. 2011) and Neb. Rev. Stat. 28-105(1) (Supp. 2011).

CONSUMPTION ON PUBLIC PROPERTY:


 It is a violation of Nebraska law for any person to consume alcoholic liquors upon property owned or controlled by the State or any governmental subdivision thereof, unless authorized by the governing bodies having 7 jurisdiction over such properties. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-186 (Supp. 2011). A violation of this statute is punishable on the first offense by a fine of up to a maximum of $100; a second offense within 2 years of the first is punishable by a fine not less than $100 and not more than $300; a third offense within 2 years of the second is punishable by a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $500. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-186 (Supp. 2011) and § 29-436 (Reissue 2008).

DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED:


 Driving or being in physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquors or drugs is a violation of Nebraska law when such person has a concentration of eight-hundredths (.08) of 1 gram or more by weight of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or per 210 liters of breath. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,196 (Reissue 2010).

 Violation of this law is punishable on first offense by not more than 60 days but not less than 7 days of imprisonment and not more than a $500 fine. Neb. Rev. Stat § 60-6,197.03 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011). In addition, an offender's driver's license is revoked for 6 months and the offender is ordered not to drive any motor vehicle for any purpose for a like period. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(1) (Supp. 2011). Suspended sentence of probation includes a mandatory requirement that probation or suspension be conditioned on an order that offender will not drive any motor vehicle for any purpose for 60 days and pay a $500 fine. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(1) (Supp. 2011).

 Penalties for second offense include a $500 fine and a maximum of 6- month imprisonment, with no less than a mandatory 30-day imprisonment. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-106(1) (Supp. 2011). As part of the judgment of conviction, the offender's operator's license is revoked for 1 year. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(3) (Supp. 2011). If an offender is placed on probation or the sentence is suspended, a mandatory condition is that the offender must not drive any motor vehicle for any purpose for a period of 1 year. In addition, the probation order shall include as one of its conditions the payment of a $500 fine and either confinement in the city or county jail for 10 days or the imposition of not less than 240 hours of community service. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(3) (Supp. 2011).

 Penalties for a third offense include a $1,000 fine and a maximum of 1- year imprisonment, with a minimum 90-day imprisonment, and an order of license revocation for 15 years. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-106 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(4) (Supp. 2011). If an offender is placed on probation, or the sentence is suspended, a mandatory condition is that the offender’s operator’s license shall be revoked for a period of at least 2 years but not more than 15 years. In addition, the probation order shall include the payment of a $1,000 8 fine and as one of its conditions either confinement in the city or county jail for 30 days. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(4) (Supp. 2011).

 Fourth and subsequent convictions will result in not more than 5 years imprisonment or a $10,000 fine, or both, and is a Class IIIA felony conviction. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03 (7) and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-105(1) (Supp. 2011). Offenders in this class have their licenses revoked for a period of 15 years and the offender must spend at least 180 days imprisoned in a city or county jail or an adult correctional facility. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(7) (Supp. 2011). Probation or suspension of sentence must be conditioned so that the offender’s license is revoked for a period of 15 years. In addition, the probation order shall include as one of its conditions a $2,000 dollar fine and confinement in either the city or county jail for 90 days with required use of a continuous alcohol monitoring device and abstention from alcohol use for no less than 90 days after release. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(7) (Supp. 2011). Persons with a higher concentration of alcohol, fifteen-hundredths (.15) of 1 gram or more by weight of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or per 210 liters of breath on a first conviction and subsequent conviction, are subject to even stiffer penalties. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,197.03(2), (5), (6), (8) and (10) (Supp. 2011). A third DWI conviction involving these higher alcohol concentrations is a Class IIIA felony.

 Persons convicted of a second or subsequent DWI violation must also have all the motor vehicles they own immobilized at their expense or have an ignition interlock device installed at their expense on each motor vehicle owned or operated by the convicted person. DWI convictions also have an impact on the ability of a person to obtain both automobile and life insurance coverage.

 Local laws may also make it a crime to operate a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol or to commit certain acts involving the consumption or possession of alcohol, e.g. “open container” laws.

DESCRIPTION OF HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH USE OF ILLICIT DRUGS AND ABUSE OF ALCOHOL

Up to TopChart 4 contains a description of health risks associated with various drugs covered by the Federal Controlled Substances Act. This information is published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and is available online at http://www.nida.nih.gov/drugsofabuse.html (last visited Nov. 15, 2011).

 The following summary of health risks associated with alcohol is taken from United States Department of Education, What Works: Schools Without Drugs (1992 edition).9 Alcohol

 Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person’s ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects just described.

 Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver.

 Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other youngsters of becoming alcoholics.

ASSISTANCE

Up to Top  Persons needing help in dealing with such problems are encouraged to make voluntary use of the Faculty/Employee Assistance Program. The Faculty/Employee Assistance Program can help by offering the following services:
  • Objectively assessing the situation and referring faculty/employees to the proper resource;
  • Providing education and training to supervisors on how to intervene with a troubled faculty/employee:
  • Supplying short-term personal counseling and problem solving.

 Assistance is available for students seeking help for problems associated with illegal drug use, legal drug use and alcohol use. Services are currently located in HPER 102. Appointments for drug and alcohol counseling and evaluations can be made with licensed drug and alcohol counselors by calling 402-554-2409. In cases where individuals are in need of higher levels of treatment (intensive outpatient treatment, groups, and residential treatment), referrals to the community can be provided. Currently, Alcoholics Anonymous meets on campus in HPER 101 every Monday, Wednesday and Friday next to Health Services in HPER 101.

​UNIVERSITY SANCTIONS​

Up to Top Faculty/Staff:

 In the event a faculty or staff member violates this policy or is convicted for unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of controlled substances or alcohol on University property or as part of any University activity, the University will take appropriate action. 10

 For Administrators, staff, and faculty not included in the UNO AAUP bargaining unit, one or more of the following actions may be taken:
  • Referral to the Faculty/Employee Assistance Program for evaluation and assessment to determine the appropriate treatment for rehabilitation;
  • Participation in a drug rehabilitation program;
  • Disciplinary action, up to and including termination of employment and referral for prosecution.

 For faculty included in the UNO AAUP bargaining unit, conviction for such offenses may be considered adequate cause for imposition of the disciplinary process provided in section 3.6.1 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement. Violation of this policy may also be considered adequate for imposition of the disciplinary process and referral for prosecution.

 As required by the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988, faculty and staff involved in the performance of federal contracts or grants must notify their supervisor within five days if they are convicted of any criminal drug statute as a result of violation of the law that occurs at the workplace. The term “conviction” means a finding of guilt (including a plea of nolo contendre) or imposition of sentence, or both, by any judicial body charged with the responsibility to determine violation of the Federal or State criminal drug statutes. The supervisor will immediately notify the Academic Affairs Office when faculty members are affected or the Human Resources Office when staff are affected. The University in turn, will notify the applicable granting or contracting agency or agencies of the conviction within ten days after receiving notice of an employee’s criminal drug statute conviction.

Students:

 The University will impose disciplinary sanctions on students for violating the student Code of Conduct regarding the illegal use of drugs and alcohol. Click here to view the Student Code of Conduct

 It should be emphasized that, when a student’s violation of the law also adversely affects the university’s pursuit of its recognized educational objectives, the university may enforce its own regulations regardless of any civil proceeding or dispositions. When students violate a university regulation, they are subject to disciplinary action by the university whether or not their conduct violates civil law. If a person’s behavior simultaneously violates a university regulation and the civil law, the university may take disciplinary action independent of that taken by civil authorities. When students violate laws off campus, they may incur penalties described by civil authorities. University discipline will be initiated only in instances of student misconduct which distinctly and adversely affects the university’s pursuit of its recognized educational purposes.

 Disciplinary measures appropriate to the offense up to and including dismissal from the university may be imposed.

REVIEW

Up to Top  Biennially the University will review its Substance Abuse Policy/Program to determine its effectiveness and to ensure that the sanctions required for violations of the policy are consistently enforced.